The village was established in the 19th century by Quakers. Minor skirmishes occurred in the area during the Civil War and troops from both sides routinely moved through Philomont. Philomont is located in the heart of Virginia's "Hunt Country," just six miles north of Middleburg and about five miles south of Purcellville. The greater Philomont area is known for horse farms, large estates, winding gravel roads, rolling hills and stacked stone walls. The Philomont area has seen significant development over the past decade. The village is located in one of the fastest-growing counties in the United States. However, the rural flavor of the area has been largely retained. The village is located along the scenic and historic Snickersville Pike, a State Scenic Byway.